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Agriculture under climate change

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Adaptation through diversification

 

An overwhelming majority of over 90 percent of climate experts are certain that humans are primarily responsible for accelerated climate change. Our agriculture today is closely linked to this: Large quantities of greenhouse gases are released in particular through fertilization, animal husbandry and land use change. Extreme weather conditions and climatic changes lead to severe yield losses and fundamental changes in farming conditions.

However, the enormous social significance of agriculture is primarily due to its potential for shaping the future: If production processes are adapted, they can play an active role in shaping climate adaptation and climate protection. To this end, agriculture must be viewed in a landscape context.

 

What do we want to achieve with our research?

MyTitle: What do we want to achieve with our research?
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MyTextfeld: <div class="ExternalClass0C0A4C9D1BE94DE39E9092FBDBF2230B"><p>We want to&#160;...</p><p>... increase diversity in our fields and make agriculture more resilient to climate change while at the same time reversing the loss of biodiversity.</p><p>... develop climate-adapted cropping systems that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, sequester more carbon in the soil and sustainably improve soil fertility.</p><p>... optimally adapt agriculture to the respective site with the help of new technologies and digitalization, since the effects of climate change are spatially very different.</p><p>... move towards agricultural landscapes of the future, which are climate-neutral and more sustainable. These will provide food and biomass as well as other ecosystem services, such as clean water and insect pollination, according to society's needs.</p> </div>
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What do we want to achieve with our research?

We want to ...

... increase diversity in our fields and make agriculture more resilient to climate change while at the same time reversing the loss of biodiversity.

... develop climate-adapted cropping systems that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, sequester more carbon in the soil and sustainably improve soil fertility.

... optimally adapt agriculture to the respective site with the help of new technologies and digitalization, since the effects of climate change are spatially very different.

... move towards agricultural landscapes of the future, which are climate-neutral and more sustainable. These will provide food and biomass as well as other ecosystem services, such as clean water and insect pollination, according to society's needs.

What are the key challenges to be solved?

MyTitle: What are the key challenges to be solved?
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MyTextfeld: <div class="ExternalClassFE6958BAEA4D4A9EB441AFE7F943E9FA"><p>​<strong>Challenge&#58;</strong> What does a climate protection-oriented agriculture, through which we can achieve our climate protection goals, look like?</p><p> <strong>Our solution&#58;</strong> We are investigating cropping methods that emit fewer greenhouse gases, save resources and make sustainable use of the natural potential of the agricultural landscape in terms of crop protection and nutrient supply.</p><p> <strong>Challenge&#58;</strong> How can we minimize the risk of climate change for farmers?</p><p> <strong>Our solution&#58;</strong> Together with practitioners, we are developing practicable cropping systems that enable stable yields and incomes under the effects of climate change and provide ecosystem services to society.</p><p> <strong>Challenge&#58;</strong> How can we develop the potential for innovations in farms in order to design and implement climate protection and climate adaption measures?</p><p> <strong>Our solution&#58;</strong> Together with farms, we are investigating how innovations can be successfully put into practice and how sustainable change processes can be created.</p> </div>
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What are the key challenges to be solved?

Challenge: What does a climate protection-oriented agriculture, through which we can achieve our climate protection goals, look like?

Our solution: We are investigating cropping methods that emit fewer greenhouse gases, save resources and make sustainable use of the natural potential of the agricultural landscape in terms of crop protection and nutrient supply.

Challenge: How can we minimize the risk of climate change for farmers?

Our solution: Together with practitioners, we are developing practicable cropping systems that enable stable yields and incomes under the effects of climate change and provide ecosystem services to society.

Challenge: How can we develop the potential for innovations in farms in order to design and implement climate protection and climate adaption measures?

Our solution: Together with farms, we are investigating how innovations can be successfully put into practice and how sustainable change processes can be created.

Which working groups are working on the topic?

MyTitle: Which working groups are working on the topic?
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MyTextfeld: <div class="ExternalClassAE32E88F7CF84D11AE79FDB61F7CDA2B"><p>Research Area 1 &quot;Landscape Functioning&quot;</p><ul><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/pb1/Pages/Arbeitsgruppen.aspx#x12x">Isotope Biogeochemistry and Gas Fluxes</a></li><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/pb1/Pages/Arbeitsgruppen.aspx#x10x">Hydropedology</a></li><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/pb1/LAP">Landscape Pedology</a></li><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/pb1/mic">Microbial Biogeochemistry</a></li></ul><p>Research Area 2 &quot;Land Use and Governance&quot;</p><ul><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/pb2/ess">Provisioning of Ecosystem Services in Agricultural Systems</a></li><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/pb2/RCS">Resource-Efficient Cropping Systems</a></li><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/pb2/Pages/Arbeitsgruppen.aspx#x17x">Sustainable Grassland Systems</a></li><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/pb2/ifa">Biotic Interactions between Forest and Agricultural Land</a></li></ul><p>Research Area 3 &quot;Agricultural Landscape systems&quot;</p><ul><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/pb3/csa">Integrated Crop System Analysis and Modelling</a></li><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/pb3/lbw">Farm Economics and Ecosystem Services</a></li></ul><p>Research Platform &quot;Data Analysis &amp; Simulation&quot;</p><ul><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/fpm/Pages/Arbeitsgruppen.aspx#x31x">Ecosystem Modelling</a></li><li> <a title="More information about the working group" href="/en/struktur/fds/ILM">Landscape Modelling</a></li></ul></div>
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Which working groups are working on the topic?

 

News

Title: Interdisciplinary "Landscape 2021" conference gets underway: Sustainable agriculture goes far beyond the edge of the field
MehrLink: https://www.zalf.de/en/aktuelles/Pages/Pressemitteilungen/Auftaktveranstaltung_Landscape2021.aspx, More
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More than 400 participants are currently discussing at Landscape 2021. Prof. Frank Ewert and Prof. Katharina Helming from ZALF and Prof. Miranda Meuwissen, Wageningen University opened the virtual conference.
20.09.2021

Interdisciplinary "Landscape 2021" conference gets underway: Sustainable agriculture goes far beyond the edge of the field

Title: Integrated ZALF approach: The effects of soil erosion on carbon fluxes in croplands
MehrLink: https://researchfeatures.com/effects-soil-erosion-carbon-fluxes-croplands/, More
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MyMeldungsdatum: 2021-09-16 16:00:00
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Portal crane of ZALF
16.09.2021

Integrated ZALF approach: The effects of soil erosion on carbon fluxes in croplands

Title: Small scale, big impact - Research project on dry rice cultivation
MehrLink: https://www.zalf.de/en/aktuelles/Pages/PB1/Trockenreisanbau.aspx, More
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MyMeldungsdatum: 2021-08-24 15:00:00
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Dry rice cultivation in Japan: Different rice varieties show varying degrees of ability to uptake phosphorus as a nutrient.
24.08.2021

Small scale, big impact - Research project on dry rice cultivation

With these keywords you will find further news on the topic
"Agriculture under climate change"

Legumes Climate change Modelling

 

 

Reference projects

MyTitle: OptAKlimn: Optimisation of cultivation strategies and practices for climate adaptation/analysis and assessment at landscape level, with particular emphasis on interactions with plant protection, productivity, crop species distribution and GHG emissions. (BMEL, 2018-2021)
MyLinkAnsehenUrl: https://www.unter-2-grad.de/optaklim.html, Website
MyLinkPDFUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/themen/ProjektePDFs/Topic2/RA1_CarboZALF_2017_en.pdf, Flyer
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OptAKlimn: Optimisation of cultivation strategies and practices for climate adaptation/analysis and assessment at landscape level, with particular emphasis on interactions with plant protection, productivity, crop species distribution and GHG emissions. (BMEL, 2018-2021)

MyTitle: INNISOY: Innovation network to improve soybean production under the global change (BMBF, 2017-2020)
MyLinkAnsehenUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/forschung_lehre/projekte/Pages/details.aspx?iddp=2028, Project details
MyLinkPDFUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/themen/ProjektePDFs/Topic2/RA2_INNISOY_2017_en.pdf, Flyer
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INNISOY: Innovation network to improve soybean production under the global change (BMBF, 2017-2020)

MyTitle: Climate-Cafe: Climate change adaptability of cropping and farming systems for Europe (BMBF, 2014-2017)
MyLinkAnsehenUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/forschung_lehre/projekte/Pages/details.aspx?iddp=1748, Project details
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Climate-Cafe: Climate change adaptability of cropping and farming systems for Europe (BMBF, 2014-2017)

MyTitle: INKA BB: Innovation network climate adaptation Berlin-Brandenburg (BMBF, 2009-2014)
MyLinkAnsehenUrl: http://www.inka-bb.de/, Website
MyLinkPDFUrl: https://www.zalf.de/de/themen/ProjektePDFs/Thema2/INKA%20BB%20Verbundschlussbericht.pdf, Final Report (DE)
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INKA BB: Innovation network climate adaptation Berlin-Brandenburg (BMBF, 2009-2014)

MyTitle: CarboZALF: The carbon balance of agricultural landscapes in global change (since 2009)
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MyLinkPDFUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/themen/ProjektePDFs/Topic2/RA1_CarboZALF_2017_en.pdf, Flyer
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CarboZALF: The carbon balance of agricultural landscapes in global change (since 2009)

MyTitle: Krumensenke: Reduction of environmental and climate impacts of agricultural crop production through the use of an optimized topsoil deepening technique (BMEL, 2019-2022)
MyLinkAnsehenUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/forschung_lehre/projekte/Pages/details.aspx?iddp=2115, Project details
MyLinkPDFUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/themen/ProjektePDFs/Topic2/RA1_Krumensenke_2019_en.pdf, Flyer
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Krumensenke: Reduction of environmental and climate impacts of agricultural crop production through the use of an optimized topsoil deepening technique (BMEL, 2019-2022)

MyTitle: AgMip: Project to compare and improve agricultural simulation models (ARS, UF, NASA, 2010-2022)
MyLinkAnsehenUrl: https://agmip.org/, Website
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AgMip: Project to compare and improve agricultural simulation models (ARS, UF, NASA, 2010-2022)

MyTitle: MACSUR: The impact of climate change on European agriculture and food security (BMBF, 2012-2017)
MyLinkAnsehenUrl: https://www.macsur.eu/, Website
MyLinkPDFUrl: https://www.zalf.de/de/themen/ProjektePDFs/Thema2/MACSUR-Report-2017.pdf, Report 2017
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MACSUR: The impact of climate change on European agriculture and food security (BMBF, 2012-2017)

MyTitle: DAKIS - Digital knowledge and knowledge information System (BMBF, 2019-2023)
MyLinkAnsehenUrl: https://adz-dakis.com/, Website
MyLinkPDFUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/themen/ProjektePDFs/Topic1/RA2_RA3_RPD_DAKIS_2019_en.pdf, Flyer
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DAKIS - Digital knowledge and knowledge information System (BMBF, 2019-2023)

MyTitle: ICAW2 - Modelling the interactions between water and carbon dynamics in agricultural wetlands (ZALF IPP, 2020 – 2023)
MyLinkAnsehenUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/forschung_lehre/projekte/Pages/details.aspx?iddp=2196, Project details
MyLinkPDFUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/themen/ProjektePDFs/Topic2/Handzettel_IcaW2_engl.pdf, Flyer
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ICAW2 - Modelling the interactions between water and carbon dynamics in agricultural wetlands (ZALF IPP, 2020 – 2023)

MyTitle: OptN - Optimal N for future agricultural landscapes (ZALF IPP, 2021 – 2023)
MyLinkAnsehenUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/forschung_lehre/projekte/Pages/details.aspx?iddp=2198, Projektdetails
MyLinkPDFUrl: https://www.zalf.de/en/themen/ProjektePDFs/Topic2/PB1_PB2_PB3_OptN_en.pdf, Flyer
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OptN - Optimal N for future agricultural landscapes (ZALF IPP, 2021 – 2023)

 

Representatives

 

T +49 (0)33432 82-355

 

Leibniz-Zentrum für Agrarlandschaftsforschung (ZALF) e. V.

Eberswalder Straße 84
15374 Müncheberg

 

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