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2123LegumeGap - Steigerung von Produktivität und Nachhaltigkeit der europäischen Eiweißpflanzenproduktion durch Reduzierung der Ertragslücke bei KörnerleguminosenLegumeGap - Increasing productivity and sustainability of European plant protein production by closing the grain legume yield gap01/05/2019 00:00:0030/04/2022 00:00:00laufendcurrentProgrammbereich 2 „Landnutzung und Governance“Research Area 2 „Land Use and Governance“x4x16xRosner, Gunhild; Bachinger, Johann; Reckling, Moritz; Karges, Kathleen; Omari, Richard Ansongx130x190x1364x2205x2528x<div class='ntm_PB2'>PB2</div>  2019 LegumeGap - Steigerung von Produktivität und Nachhaltigkeit der europäischen Eiweißpflanzenproduktion durch Reduzierung der Ertragslücke bei Körnerleguminosen LegumeGap - Increasing productivity and sustainability of European plant protein production by closing the grain legume yield gap Programmbereich 2 „Landnutzung und Governance“ Rosner, Gunhild; Bachinger, Johann; Reckling, Moritz; Karges, Kathleen; Omari, Richard Ansong Drittmittel Research Area 2 „Land Use and Governance“ current laufend <div class="ExternalClassD938001F53C44E3DBD3A69351EF35976"><p>Körnerleguminosen erhöhen die Widerstandsfähigkeit von Anbausystemen und von landwirtschaftlichen Betrieben durch Diversifizierung des Anbaus. Sie tragen so zu sozioökonomischen und umweltrelevanten Leistungen bei, wie u.a. (a) eine Reduzierung des Einsatzes von Düngemitteln und Pestiziden, welches zu einer Verringerung der Treibhausgasemissionen, Bodendegradation und Verlust der biologischen Vielfalt führt, (b) Steigerung der Selbstversorgung mit pflanzlichen Proteinen, und (c) Förderung einer gesunden Ernährung. Leguminosen fördern die nachhaltige Intensivierung der Landwirtschaft und sind ein Schlüssel um die landwirtschaftliche Produktion bei knappen Ressourcen und sich veränderndem Klima langfristig zu sichern.</p><p>Um diese Vorteile umzusetzen, untersucht das Projekt LegumeGap, die derzeitige geringe Nutzung von Leguminosen in europäischen Anbausystemen. Das Projekt stellt Empfehlungen zur Verbesserung der Widerstandsfähigkeit von landwirtschaftlichen Systeme durch folgende Maßnahmen bereit&#58; (i) Identifizierung des Potenzials neuer Sorten, (ii) optimale Managementstrategien und praktisches Wissen zur Reduzierung der Lücke zwischen aktuellem und potentiellem Korn- und Proteinertrag, (iii) Möglichkeiten zur Erhöhung der Ertragsstabilität, (iv) Erhöhung der Proteinproduktion in der EU, und (v) Steigerung der Effizienz bei der Ressourcennutzung. LegumeGap fokussiert die Forschung auf Sojabohnen für wärmere und Ackerbohnen für kühlere Regionen. Beide Arten erzielen hohe Proteingehalte und zeichnen sich durch eine breite Anpassungsfähigkeit und hohe Verwertbarkeit aus. LegumeGap deckt die wichtigsten Klimaregionen Europas ab.</p> </div> <div class="ExternalClassF7E0EC76FD7741909B8599A76A4BE2B1"><p>The potential of legumes to simultaneously contribute to several production, environmental, and nutritional objectives, is well known by science and policy. Legumes contribute to increased European protein self-sufficiency, diversification of cropping systems and farm businesses, reduction in fertilizer and pesticide use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, enhancement of sustainable diets, and prevention of land degradation and biodiversity loss. Despite these widely recognized benefits, grain legume production in Europe is still low, partly due to inadequate investment in breeding, sub-optimal management practices, and gaps in farmers' knowledge. To ensure food and nutritional security under climate change and reduce pressures on natural resources, the potential of legumes must be fully utilized.</p><p>The LegumeGap project will contribute in this direction by identifying the potential contribution of new cultivars, optimal management practices, and farmers' knowledge in closing the yield and protein gaps, reducing the observed yield variability and EU-level protein shortfall, and optimizing the environmental performance of legume production in Europe. We will focus on two key representative legumes&#58; faba bean and soya bean, due to their growing popularity, broad adaptability and high protein concentration in the seeds.</p><p>A systems approach will be employed, where biophysical and socio-economic limitations, opportunities, and their interaction are taken into account. The innovative combination of different methodological approaches, including modelling, field experiments, a large scale farmer survey, and data analysis, will allow us to deliver more than their individual parts and to identify and recommend ways by which the potential of these two crops can be maximised.</p><p>Ten partners from eight countries will make use of their expertise in modelling, breeding, soil science, agronomy, geography and socio-economics to achieve in an interdisciplinary manner the objectives outlined below&#58;</p><ul style="list-style-type&#58;disc;"><li>Estimate via modelling the yield potential of the two grain legumes and the environmental effects under different climatic, cultivar, and management assumptions, in a variety of EU sites and upscaled to the EU level.</li><li>Analyse the potential of cultivars, via characterization of faba and soya bean germplasm across Europe and experiments on soya bean cultivar adaptability in central European and dry Mediterranean conditions.</li><li>Develop optimal management practices, based on literature, unpublished long-term experiments, and new on-station and on-farm field experiments using sensors and modern Information and Communications Technology (ICT) for non-destructive sampling and high spatio-temporal resolution.</li><li>Analyse the components and underlying factors of the legume yield gap, such as climate, cultivars, management, and knowledge, in order to propose appropriate interventions to close the gaps.</li><li>Conduct a large-scale farmer survey in eight European countries to explore, for the first time, the influence of farmers' knowledge on yield gaps.</li><li>Evaluate the potential and trade-offs of legume production at the field and EU scales, considering socio-economic and environmental aspects.</li><li>Maximize the outreach and valorization of project outputs via robust management of all project data and effective communication and dissemination.</li></ul><p>The innovation of LegumeGap lies in its synergistic methodological integration and its detailed focus on the breeding, management, and knowledge innovation gaps of the two most productive grain legumes, faba bean and soya bean. By covering all of the main European agroclimatic regions, as well as the pan-European level, LegumeGap will reveal environmental and socio-economic opportunities and constraints for enhancing the potential of grain legume production across Europe and point towards novel measures for resilient, legume-supported cropping systems, contributing to sustainable intensification under the challenge of global change.</p></div> <div class="ExternalClassF5C02340-59ED-4D41-A8B7-58269B2FB8A0"></div> <div class="ExternalClassC377F9E7-A1F1-4AAF-99DB-184DE73E7D4C"><ul><li>Humboldt Universität Berlin</li><li>Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique</li><li>RAGT SEMENCES</li><li>SRUC - Scotland Rural University College</li><li>Univeristy of Latvijas</li><li>University of Lleida</li><li>Vrije University Amsterdam</li><li>Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences</li></ul></div> <div class="ExternalClassC54DBE8A-E1F9-411D-B97A-258CAF2C732D"></div> <div class="ExternalClassD18EF711-74E4-411A-A41D-704AF1EBB334"><ul><li>BMBF Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung</li><li>Projektträger Jülich (BMBF-Förderung)</li></ul></div> <div class="ExternalClass71996CAD-E50E-4FB0-B841-E4800FA59861"></div><div class="ExternalClassD938001F53C44E3DBD3A69351EF35976"><p>Körnerleguminosen erhöhen die Widerstandsfähigkeit von Anbausystemen und von landwirtschaftlichen Betrieben durch Diversifizierung des Anbaus. Sie tragen so zu sozioökonomischen und umweltrelevanten Leistungen bei, wie u.a. (a) eine Reduzierung des Einsatzes von Düngemitteln und Pestiziden, welches zu einer Verringerung der Treibhausgasemissionen, Bodendegradation und Verlust der biologischen Vielfalt führt, (b) Steigerung der Selbstversorgung mit pflanzlichen Proteinen, und (c) Förderung einer gesunden Ernährung. Leguminosen fördern die nachhaltige Intensivierung der Landwirtschaft und sind ein Schlüssel um die landwirtschaftliche Produktion bei knappen Ressourcen und sich veränderndem Klima langfristig zu sichern.</p><p>Um diese Vorteile umzusetzen, untersucht das Projekt LegumeGap, die derzeitige geringe Nutzung von Leguminosen in europäischen Anbausystemen. Das Projekt stellt Empfehlungen zur Verbesserung der Widerstandsfähigkeit von landwirtschaftlichen Systeme durch folgende Maßnahmen bereit&#58; (i) Identifizierung des Potenzials neuer Sorten, (ii) optimale Managementstrategien und praktisches Wissen zur Reduzierung der Lücke zwischen aktuellem und potentiellem Korn- und Proteinertrag, (iii) Möglichkeiten zur Erhöhung der Ertragsstabilität, (iv) Erhöhung der Proteinproduktion in der EU, und (v) Steigerung der Effizienz bei der Ressourcennutzung. LegumeGap fokussiert die Forschung auf Sojabohnen für wärmere und Ackerbohnen für kühlere Regionen. Beide Arten erzielen hohe Proteingehalte und zeichnen sich durch eine breite Anpassungsfähigkeit und hohe Verwertbarkeit aus. LegumeGap deckt die wichtigsten Klimaregionen Europas ab.</p> </div><div class="ExternalClassF7E0EC76FD7741909B8599A76A4BE2B1"><p>The potential of legumes to simultaneously contribute to several production, environmental, and nutritional objectives, is well known by science and policy. Legumes contribute to increased European protein self-sufficiency, diversification of cropping systems and farm businesses, reduction in fertilizer and pesticide use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, enhancement of sustainable diets, and prevention of land degradation and biodiversity loss. Despite these widely recognized benefits, grain legume production in Europe is still low, partly due to inadequate investment in breeding, sub-optimal management practices, and gaps in farmers' knowledge. To ensure food and nutritional security under climate change and reduce pressures on natural resources, the potential of legumes must be fully utilized.</p><p>The LegumeGap project will contribute in this direction by identifying the potential contribution of new cultivars, optimal management practices, and farmers' knowledge in closing the yield and protein gaps, reducing the observed yield variability and EU-level protein shortfall, and optimizing the environmental performance of legume production in Europe. We will focus on two key representative legumes&#58; faba bean and soya bean, due to their growing popularity, broad adaptability and high protein concentration in the seeds.</p><p>A systems approach will be employed, where biophysical and socio-economic limitations, opportunities, and their interaction are taken into account. The innovative combination of different methodological approaches, including modelling, field experiments, a large scale farmer survey, and data analysis, will allow us to deliver more than their individual parts and to identify and recommend ways by which the potential of these two crops can be maximised.</p><p>Ten partners from eight countries will make use of their expertise in modelling, breeding, soil science, agronomy, geography and socio-economics to achieve in an interdisciplinary manner the objectives outlined below&#58;</p><ul style="list-style-type&#58;disc;"><li>Estimate via modelling the yield potential of the two grain legumes and the environmental effects under different climatic, cultivar, and management assumptions, in a variety of EU sites and upscaled to the EU level.</li><li>Analyse the potential of cultivars, via characterization of faba and soya bean germplasm across Europe and experiments on soya bean cultivar adaptability in central European and dry Mediterranean conditions.</li><li>Develop optimal management practices, based on literature, unpublished long-term experiments, and new on-station and on-farm field experiments using sensors and modern Information and Communications Technology (ICT) for non-destructive sampling and high spatio-temporal resolution.</li><li>Analyse the components and underlying factors of the legume yield gap, such as climate, cultivars, management, and knowledge, in order to propose appropriate interventions to close the gaps.</li><li>Conduct a large-scale farmer survey in eight European countries to explore, for the first time, the influence of farmers' knowledge on yield gaps.</li><li>Evaluate the potential and trade-offs of legume production at the field and EU scales, considering socio-economic and environmental aspects.</li><li>Maximize the outreach and valorization of project outputs via robust management of all project data and effective communication and dissemination.</li></ul><p>The innovation of LegumeGap lies in its synergistic methodological integration and its detailed focus on the breeding, management, and knowledge innovation gaps of the two most productive grain legumes, faba bean and soya bean. By covering all of the main European agroclimatic regions, as well as the pan-European level, LegumeGap will reveal environmental and socio-economic opportunities and constraints for enhancing the potential of grain legume production across Europe and point towards novel measures for resilient, legume-supported cropping systems, contributing to sustainable intensification under the challenge of global change.</p></div>  <div class="ExternalClass19D117AB-335A-4A65-8A4B-6D0F97E447E6">Dr. agr. Johann Bachinger; Kathleen Karges; Dr. phil. Richard Ansong Omari; Dr. agr. Moritz Reckling; Gunhild Rosner</div>Bachinger, Johann;Reckling, Moritz<div class="ExternalClassA46F5140-3B60-4252-AE74-410EB0E27921">Dr. agr. Johann Bachinger; Dr. agr. Moritz Reckling</a></div>   <div class="ExternalClassC377F9E7-A1F1-4AAF-99DB-184DE73E7D4C"><ul><li>Humboldt Universität Berlin</li><li>Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique</li><li>RAGT SEMENCES</li><li>SRUC - Scotland Rural University College</li><li>Univeristy of Latvijas</li><li>University of Lleida</li><li>Vrije University Amsterdam</li><li>Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences</li></ul></div>x66x112x2809x1877x376x2210x678x2625x  BMBF Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung; Projektträger Jülich (BMBF-Förderung)<div class="ExternalClassD18EF711-74E4-411A-A41D-704AF1EBB334"><ul><li>BMBF Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung</li><li>Projektträger Jülich (BMBF-Förderung)</li></ul></div> 22 <div class="ExternalClassA51583A4-F81F-4866-BA26-F4A9E761A5F2"><ul><li>Ressourceneffiziente Anbausysteme</li></ul></div><div class="ExternalClassA0B9D542-E175-4E4F-AA45-34D89E389622"><ul><li>Resource-Efficient Cropping Systems</li></ul></div>
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